This guide introduces functions that help you maximize the performance of the E-M1X.
For details of each function, also read the Instruction Manual.

Functions that apply to autofocus
AF Mode
To continuously autofocus on a moving subject
AF Mode lets you choose the appropriate autofocus mode or manual focus according to the subject.
For example, you can choose from single AF [S-AF] to focus on the subject just once, continuous AF [C-AF] to focus continuously on the subject, and tracking AF [C-AF+TR] to have the focus detect and track the subject.
To track focus and shoot moving subjects, use continuous AF [C-AF]. The camera focuses continuously while you press the shutter button halfway. In continuous AF [C-AF] mode, when the burst shooting mode is set to Sequential Low, Anti-shock Sequential Low, Silent Sequential Low, or Pro Capture Low, the focus operation continues even while the shutter button is pressed all the way and sequential shooting is in progress. When the burst shooting mode is set to Sequential High, Silent Sequential High, or Pro Capture High, the focus is locked at the position when shooting the first picture.
When [AF+MF] is set, you can adjust the focus manually, or switch from auto to manual focus at will. When assigned using [Button Function], you can also perform autofocus using a control other than the shutter button.
Shoot the target position while continuing to focus on the subject with [C-AF]
AF Target Mode
To select the autofocus area
Choose the size and number of the AF targets that show the area on which the camera focuses. You can set options such as a single target (one point), a target group (3x3, 5x5, etc.), or all targets, which covers almost the entire picture.
Single Target makes it easier to focus on the target position. If you are unable to keep the AF target positioned when tracking a moving subject with continuous AF [C-AF], the camera may focus on the background and you may lose sight of the subject. In these cases, it is effective to set a target group to widen the autofocus area.
Choose [Single Target] for subjects that are easy to track, [Target Group] for more elusive subjects.
You can choose the number of AF targets available and how far the AF target moves during AF target selection using [(Custom)Target Mode Settings] in Custom Menu A2.
Track with a single target
Track with a target group During shooting, the AF target frame for the area in focus will light.
AF+MF
To focus manually even during autofocus operation
This function lets you combine autofocus and manual focus. You can switch from auto to manual focus at will or fine-tune focus manually by rotating the lens focus ring after focusing with autofocus.
When you rotate the lens focus ring during autofocus using continuous AF [C-AF], the camera exits continuous AF mode and switches to manual focus mode. Press the shutter button halfway or the button to which autofocus is assigned to refocus using autofocus.
When [On] is selected for this function, manual focus operations are accepted even during burst photography () or while the shutter is open.

AEL/AFL
To use thumb-operated autofocus
You can choose the operation used to initiate autofocus and set the exposure.
You can choose to initiate autofocus and set the exposure only using the button to which the [AEL/AFL] function is assigned, or control in combination with shutter button operation. This setting can be made for each [AF Mode] option.
When using continuous AF [C-AF] with [mode3] or [mode4] selected for [AEL/AFL] > [C-AF], you can perform so-called “thumb-operated AF” where the camera tracks the subject while the AEL/AFL button is held down and shoots when the shutter button is pressed.
When [Operative] is selected for [AEL/AFL] > [Half Way AF], autofocus can also be initiated by pressing the shutter button halfway.
Take sequential photos while tracking the target subject
AF Scanner
To stop scanning operation in autofocus mode
AF Scanner lets you limit the lens cycling operation to scan for the focus position in autofocus mode.
When it is difficult for the camera to autofocus, it will scan for the focus position by cycling the lens from the minimum distance to infinity. If autofocus scanning starts while tracking a small subject with the viewfinder, you may lose sight of the subject. In these cases it is useful to limit the scanning operation.
In addition to an autofocus scanning off mode (mode1), you can also choose to perform autofocus scanning only once at the start of focus operation when the shutter button is pressed halfway (mode2). This is useful for shooting subjects with low contrast. You can also choose to repeat autofocus scanning until the camera is able to focus (mode3).

Small subjects that the AF target easily loses
Subjects with low contrast
C-AF Sensitivity
To select the autofocus sensitivity
C-AF Sensitivity lets you choose how rapidly the camera responds to changes in the distance to the subject while focusing with continuous AF [C-AF].
Choose a higher value for higher autofocus sensitivity, a lower value to prevent the camera refocusing on objects that briefly obscure the subject.
Choose higher values to autofocus track subjects that are moving toward or away from the camera or changing speed unpredictably or subjects that suddenly enter the frame. Choose lower values to prevent the camera refocusing in environments where the subject is briefly obscured by other objects or to prevent the camera focusing on the background when you are unable to keep the AF target positioned over the subject.

Subjects that move or change speed unpredictably
Subjects with utility poles in the foreground
C-AF Center Start
To start C-AF from the center AF area
Set C-AF Center Start when using continuous AF [C-AF] in combination with group- or all-target AF. When tracking a subject with continuous AF, the camera will focus on the center of the selected group only during the initial scan. During later scans, the camera will focus using the surrounding targets.
This function helps the camera respond more rapidly to changes in the distance to the subject when initially focusing only on an erratically-moving subject that is difficult to track with a single target AF.
This can be used to start tracking after the camera focuses on the target player during a soccer game or other sports competition.

Track a specific subject among many
C-AF Center Priority
To always autofocus using the center target in the AF group
Set C-AF Center Priority when using continuous AF [C-AF] in combination with group-target AF. When tracking a subject with continuous AF, the camera always assigns priority to the center target in the selected group. If the camera is unable to autofocus using the center focus target, it will focus using the surrounding targets.
This function helps the camera respond more rapidly to changes in the distance to subjects that are moving relatively predictably but also quickly enough that they may be difficult to track with a single target AF.
This can be used to track subjects such as circuit racing vehicles or track athletes, even with a narrow target AF area.

Subjects in competitions where they circle a course
AF Target Display mode
To display the autofocus target when in focus
In autofocus mode, the position of the subject on which the camera has focused is shown by a green focus target. You can set the focus target display mode.
You can choose to display the focus target only briefly after the camera focuses, or to continuously display the focus target when the subject is in focus. When focusing with continuous AF [C-AF], the focus target is normally displayed only the first time the subject is in focus. However, you can also display the focus target each time focus is achieved.
To enable cluster AF targeting when All Targets (entire display) is selected for AF Target Mode, select [On2] for [AF Area Pointer]. The camera will display AF targets for all areas that are in focus.

AF target display in the in-focus position
Cluster AF targeting
(Custom)Target Mode Settings
To customize the AF target size and movement
You can customize the AF targets according to the subject or shooting conditions. Choose the size of the area used for autofocus with [Size]. Choose how far the AF target moves during AF target selection with [Step].
You can set the target width and height separately with [Size]. For example, you can set AF targets in a single horizontal row for a subject that moves only horizontally with little vertical motion. The camera can store up to four different combinations of settings.
In order to recall a saved custom target as the AF target mode, display must be enabled by [Settings] in Custom Menu A2.

Track a train running on a railroad track
AF Limiter
To set the autofocus distance range
AF Limiter lets you choose the range of distances over which autofocus operates. Limiting the autofocus operation range helps shorten the time needed for autofocus.
When the focus shifts from the subject to the background or other object, it takes time for the camera to refocus on the subject. Setting [AF Limiter] helps prevent drastic changes in focus when you are unable to keep the AF target positioned over the subject.
You can also use it to prevent the camera focusing on foreground objects when shooting through a fence, window, or the like.

The distance to the subject to be shot is determined
Tracking Subject
To track and autofocus on a specific subject
The camera can detect and track subjects of specific types when shooting with Tracking AF[C-AF+TR].
[Motorsports] detects race cars or motorcycles, and tracks focus on the driver. [Airplanes] detects planes and helicopters, and tracks focus on the fuselage or cockpit. [Trains] detects trains, and tracks focus on the cars or driver's compartment.
When the subject is detected, a white frame will be displayed. When autofocus operation starts, a subject tracking indicator will be displayed.

When the subject is detected
During autofocus operation (while the shutter button is pressed halfway, etc.)
Functions that apply to shooting moving objects
Sequential Shooting Low,High
To take sequential photos
You can adjust the settings for Sequential Shooting. Choose whether to prioritize focusing or the frame advance rate. Set Sequential Low to take photos at up to about 10 fps, and Sequential High to take photos at up to about 15 fps. Use Silent Sequential Shooting to take pictures at even higher frame advance rates. Frame advance rates of up to about 18 fps are available when Silent Sequential Low is selected, and up to about 60 fps when Silent Sequential High is selected.
Use Sequential Low () to take sequential photos of a moving subject with autofocus. When burst photography is performed with continuous AF [C-AF], the camera will focus before each shot. This is the same when Anti-shock Sequential Low, Silent Sequential Low, or Pro Capture Low are selected.
Use Sequential High () when the distance to the subject does not change much. The focus is locked at the value for the first shot, but the camera can take sequential photos at a faster frame advance rate compared to Sequential Low, letting you capture movements that take place in the blink of an eye. This is the same when Silent Sequential High or Pro Capture High are selected.

Shoot sequentially with autofocus tracking when the distance to the subject changes during shooting
Capture a series of photos of movements that take place in the blink of an eye at a constant distance to the subject
Pro Capture
To capture the moment without any lag
Pro Capture lets you capture the moment when the subject starts to move quickly, even though you would normally miss the shot if you pressed the shutter button at that timing.
Capture starts when the shutter button is pressed halfway; the moment the button is pressed the rest of the way down, the camera will start saving the last n number of capture pictures, where n is a number selected before shooting begins. If the button is held all the way down, shooting will continue until the selected number of pictures is recorded. Set the frame advance rate and number of pictures to be recorded before shooting begins.
When using continuous AF [C-AF] in Pro Capture Low () mode, the camera will focus before each shot even during burst photography. In Pro Capture High () mode, the focus is locked at the value for the first shot, but the camera can take sequential photos at a faster frame advance rate.

Capture the instant that a bird takes flight
Silent Shooting
To use shutter speeds faster than 1/8000 s
Shutter speeds as fast as 1/32000 s are available when using the electronic shutter in Silent Shooting (, , ). In sequential shooting mode, this lets you shoot with a faster frame advance rate than when using the mechanical shutter. This is also effective in settings where the sound of the shutter would be unwelcome.
When using continuous AF[C-AF] in Silent Sequential Low () mode, the camera will focus before each shot. In Silent Sequential High () mode, the focus is locked at the value for the first shot, but the camera can take sequential photos at a faster frame advance rate compared to Sequential High. Frame advance rates of up to about 18 fps are available when Silent Sequential Low is selected, and up to about 60 fps when Silent Sequential High is selected.
Limitations apply to the flash sync speed and the frame advance rate, but flash photography is also possible. To use the flash, [Allow] must be selected for [SilentMode Setting] > [Flash Mode] in Shooting Menu 2.

Anti Flicker Shooting
To reduce uneven brightness between frames due to flickering light
You can reduce uneven exposure between frames due to flickering light when shooting sequentially under fluorescent or other artificial workplace lighting.
When [On] is selected, the camera will automatically detect the flicker frequency and adjust the timing of the shutter release accordingly. This feature applies to photos taken with the mechanical shutter.


Frame Rate
To make the viewfinder easier to view when tracking a moving object
When tracking fast-moving subjects such as flying birds with the viewfinder, it may be difficult to view the image in the viewfinder. This is because the viewfinder has a display lag.
The [Frame Rate] function lets you shorten the viewfinder display lag. Select [High] to make it easier to track fast-moving subjects.


Functions that support your artistic intent
High Res Shot
To shoot higher resolution photos
High Res Shot lets you create high-resolution photos with an equivalent image size of 50 megapixels. Use this option to capture details that normally would not be visible even at high zoom ratios.
The camera takes a series of shots while automatically moving the image sensor and combines them to create a single photo. This also lets you take hand-held shots with an equivalent image size of 50 megapixels.
You can choose to take photos using a tripod or hand-held shots. Select [High Res Shot] () as the drive mode, and then select [Tripod] () or [Handheld] (). When [Tripod] is selected, you can generate RAW pictures at a size equivalent to 80 megapixels.

Live Composite Photography
To shoot with lighten blending
You can shoot photos while viewing the lighten blending effects in the live view display.
The lighten blending feature lets you shoot with a long exposure to overlay only bright light trails without changing the exposure of the background.
Select B (Bulb) as the shooting mode and select [LIVE COMP]. You can choose an exposure time for one frame of 1/2 to 60 s. When you press the shutter button all the way down to start shooting, the monitor display image will be updated at intervals of the set exposure time (after each exposure). Press the shutter button again to end shooting.

Light trails left by car lights overlaid on a background shot with the set exposure
Live Bulb/Live Time
To perform bulb photography while viewing the change in the image
When using long exposure with bulb photography, you can adjust the exposure time while previewing the effect in the live view display.
Chose the interval at which the live view display is updated during the exposure in advance using the menu. When exposure starts, the monitor display will be updated at the set interval.
When live time photography (LIVE TIME) is selected, press the shutter button all the way down to start and end exposure. If [BULB/TIME Timer] in Custom Menu E2 has been set, the shutter will close automatically when the selected time is reached.

The monitor display changes during exposure
Focus Stacking
To take photos with a greater depth of field
You can combine shots at focus distances both in front of and behind the current focus position to obtain photos with a greater depth of field.
This lets you take photos with all areas of the subject in focus, even when all areas cannot be brought in focus with a small aperture, such as subjects with depth or subjects in photos taken at short ranges using a macro lens.
The camera automatically takes a series of shots at different focus positions and combines them into a single image. The pictures are taken in silent mode using the electronic shutter.

Keystone Comp.
To perform keystone compensation or exaggerate the effects of perspective
You can preview the effects of keystone compensation or exaggeration of perspective in live view during shooting.
You can choose the amount of compensation while previewing the results in the display in the same manner as when shooting with a shift lens. Horizontal and vertical adjustment can be applied simultaneously. The corrected image is created from a smaller crop, slightly increasing the effective zoom ratio. You can also adjust the crop.


Shooting with a wide-angle lens
After compensation
Live ND Shooting
To slow the shutter speed in bright light
Live ND Shooting lets you create a photo that appears to have been taken at a slow shutter speed in bright light that normally does not allow a slow shutter speed.
By setting an exposure value before shooting, you can reduce the shutter speed by that amount. Values up to ND32 (5EV) are available. For example, under lighting where 1/60 s and F11 result in optimal exposure, you can shoot with a shutter speed a slow as 1/2 s. The slowest shutter speed available varies according to the ND number selected.
This feature is available when S (Shutter-priority AE) or M (Manual exposure) is selected as the shooting mode.

Flicker Scan
To reduce banding in photos taken under LED lighting
Flicker Scan lets you reduce banding in photos taken under LED lighting. This lets you optimize the shutter speed while viewing banding in the viewfinder or monitor displays.
When [On] is selected, the camera adjusts the shutter speed so that banding cannot be seen in the display. To adjust the aperture or exposure compensation values during Flicker Scan adjustment, press the INFO button to switch the display. Press the INFO button again repeatedly to return to the Flicker Scan screen.
This feature is available when S (Shutter-priority AE) or M (Manual exposure) is selected as the shooting mode and Silent, Pro Capture, or High Res Shot is selected as the drive mode.

Optical Viewfinder Simulation
To increase the dynamic range of the viewfinder display
The camera uses an electronic viewfinder (EVF), and dark areas may be lost in shadows under backlit or other high contrast conditions. The [S-OVF] function increases the amount of detail visible in highlights and shadows in a manner similar to optical viewfinders.
The effects of exposure, white balance, picture mode art filters, and other shooting settings cannot be previewed, but backlit subjects and the like are easier to see.


Fisheye Compensation
To shoot with a wide-angle using a fisheye lens
You can correct distortion caused by fisheye lenses to give photos the appearance of pictures taken with a wide-angle lens.
You can preview the effects of fisheye compensation in live view during shooting. The camera corrects the distortion caused by the lens, and then crops the picture to eliminate blacked-out areas. This feature is available only with compatible fisheye lenses. (M.ZUIKO DIGITAL ED 8mm Fisheye PRO)


Shooting with a fisheye lens
After compensation
Functions that enhance ease of use
Button Function
To assign roles to buttons
You can assign other roles to buttons in place of their existing roles.
This lets you move functions to easily-operated buttons and assign menu items and the like to buttons for quick access at the touch of a button to suit your shooting style. For example, you can activate [Live ND Shooting] or [Fisheye Compensation] or set [AF Limiter] or [Preset MF] simply by pressing a button.


Center Button
To make autofocus settings by pressing the multi selector
This feature lets you set the AF target position by pressing the multi selector in the manner of a button.
When you press the multi selector with [] selected for [ Center Button], the AF target will be displayed. You can operate the multi selector to set the AF target position. The front and rear dials can also be used to select the AF target mode and Face Priority AF option at this time.
You can also use the multi selector as the [Home] button by selecting [].

Fn Lever Function
To switch multiple autofocus settings with a single action
You can choose the role to be played by the Fn (function) lever.
When [mode2] is selected, you can change multiple autofocus settings with a single lever operation. By storing separate autofocus settings for Fn lever Positions 1 and 2, you can recall the saved settings simply by rotating the lever to the desired position. The camera can store the settings selected for [AF Mode], [AF Target Mode] and [AF Target Point].
Storing autofocus settings at each lever position lets you quickly respond to sudden changes in the subject or other conditions.
When [mode1] is selected, you can reverse the roles of the front and rear dials. When [mode3] is selected, you can switch to movie mode by rotating the lever.
C-LOCK Settings
To lock specific buttons and dials
You can choose the controls locked when the lock lever is set to C-LOCK.
Setting the lock lever to LOCK disables the various vertical-use buttons and dials to prevent them from being used. The [C-LOCK Settings] function also lets you choose the controls to be disabled.

  • Controls disabled when set to LOCK
    Vertical-use shutter button, vertical-use front dial, vertical-use rear dial, vertical-use exposure compensation button, vertical-use ISO button, vertical-use AEL/AFL button, vertical-use multi selector

  • Controls that you can choose to lock when set to C-LOCK
    Front dial, rear dial, buttons (, , ), multi selector, Fn lever, arrow pad, OK button, touch screen

Home Position (Home)
To recall previously-saved autofocus settings at the touch of a button
You can recall previously-saved autofocus settings at the touch of a button. Press the button to which the [Home] function is assigned to change to the previously-saved settings. Press the button again to return to the original settings.
Settings can be saved for [AF Mode], [AF Target Mode] and [AF Target Point]. The settings are saved using [Set Home] in Custom Menu A2. You can also limit the autofocus functions to be used. Before the Home Position function can be used, it must be assigned to a button. Assign [Home] to a button using [Button Function] in Custom Menu B.
This lets you quickly make the appropriate settings at the touch of a button when switching suddenly between subjects during shooting or when the shooting environment changes.

Rec View
To switch to playback mode immediately after shooting
Rec View lets you switch to playback mode to display the recorded picture immediately after shooting.
This lets you quickly delete images and perform other image operations such as selection for later sharing or upload without having to press the (Playback) button to switch to playback mode.
You can also choose how long pictures are displayed by [Rec View]. This lets you display recorded pictures for only a short time immediately after shooting.

My Menu
To create a personalized menu
You can create a personalized menu containing only items you select from the menus.
Select the item in a menu for inclusion in "My Menu", then press the (movie) button and choose the page to which to add the item.
Items that can be added to "My Menu" are indicated by a icon at the top right corner of the Shooting Menu and Custom Menu displays. "My Menu" can contain up to five pages of up to seven items each.